Distributed solar energy solutions hold enormous promise to unlock life-changing modern energy services for the world’s poorest people. The International Energy Agency predicts that more than 600 million people in Africa will need to be served by off-grid renewable solutions by 2030 to meet the UN goal of universal energy access.
Super-efficient appliances promise telecommunications, cooling, mechanization, and refrigeration, which equate to access to clean water, health care, and food production and transport. If properly supported and deployed, efficient appliances could be as transformative as the LED. However, a great deal of technical progress and market development is needed.